The 8LEM: 8 Learning Events Model.
Our colleague Karen is currently on maternal leave, and yet she still finds the time to send her lonely co-workers in the office interesting reading materials. Today, she presents the 8LE model: the 8 stages of learning.
Researchers of the University of Liège presented a theoretical model defining 8 learning or teaching experiences, called the 8 Learning Events model or 8LEM.
Some guiding principles
Before the researchers go into detail on the learning events, they propose a few principles underlying the model.
- They go quite into detail describing the learning experiences in which the learning is observed through various behaviours.
- The researchers place these events as they call them, along a dimension of learner's versus teacher's initiative. 8LEM thus accounts both for self-inspired learning and instructed learning.
- 8LEM even allows for contrasts in learning events. For instance, imitation is viewed as opposite to creation.
- The researchers stress the importance of variety of learning events in an experience. They see this necessary to the quality of the learning result.
The 8 learning events are presented from the learner's point of view. We will briefly present them. For more depth, consult the original article.
Imitation does not need language. It's place independent. Consult Bandura's Social Learning Theory.
Reception is a traditional message sent from one to one/many. The communication is intentional and language-dependent. Consult Ausubel's Verbal Learning Theory.
Exercising is primarily important where procedures need to be internalized. Consult Skinner's Reinforcement Theory or Thorndike's Law of Effect.
The student chooses to explore pre-existing knowledge. Consult Network Learning theories.
When experimenting, the student is manipulating the environment to test hypotheses. Consult research of Piaget.
Creating something new is also a source of learning. It incorporates already known elements into new concrete works. Consult Guilford's Divergent Production Concept or Torrance's Criteria for Judging Creativity.
Before, during or after a performance or learning event, a person evaluates the cognitive and physical efforts. Consult the research of Flavell, Brown or Leclercq.
Learning also takes place when people communicate with each other. Especially when perspectives don't align. Consult research of Doise, Perret-Clermont and Piaget.
Relating 8LEM to aXles
When looking at this model, it's clearly quite similar to how Arboth works. Our aXles model suggests 10 principles of the Learning EcoSystem.
The 8 learning events could be translated to our Content/Learner Centricity and Instructional/Information Flow Design matrix.
Which model do you base your learning decisions on? Leave in the comments below!